84th Tennessee Volunteer
The Regiment was raised by Colonel Sidney S. Stanton in the country around McMinnville, TN, in November and December, 1862, with seven companies, A to G.
Colonel Stanton was originally colonel of the 25th Tennessee Infantry Regiment and both he and Lieutenant Colonel R. C. Sanders, of the 25th, resigned shortly after the battle of Shiloh, 4/6-7/1862 because of some difficulty with Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke over some question of discipline. Sanders became lieutenant colonel of the 84th and Captain W. Gooch Smith, again from the 25th, became major.
According to Colonel Stanton, the regiment remained in the vicinity of McMinnville until just before the battle of Murfreesboro (Stones River) joining the Army of Tennessee 29 December 1862 and being assigned to Brigadier General D. S. Donelson’s Brigade, Major General B. F. Cheatham’s Division, Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk’s Corps. Donelson’s Brigade, at this time, was composed of the 8th, 16th, 51st and 48th Regiments, plus Carnes’ Battery.
Colonel Stanton reported that the 84th never drew arms until Monday evening, 29th December and, the Regiment never having been drilled in the manual of arms (loading, etc.), “I drilled the regiment all day Tuesday, on the field, under the enemy’s shells, and likewise Wednesday morning until the battle opened.” He went on to state that they supported the Tennessee Light Artillery Company, commanded by Captain William Watts Carnes, when they moved off to the right, his Regiment stayed in support of the Washington Battalion Volunteer Artillery, commanded by Captain Cuthbert H. Slocomb, which was situated to his left; and later, with Colonel Savage’s 16th Tennessee Regiment, moved up to “the brick house.” “Forty of my men came up from McMinnville, got arms and accouterments, and came to us in the hottest part of the fight, while we were under heavy shelling in the open field.” He reported two men wounded.
The organization of the Regiment was pronounced illegal by the War Department, and on 8 March 1863, it was consolidated with the 28th Tennessee Regiment to form the 28th Consolidated Tennessee Regiment. Colonel Stanton became colonel of the consolidated regiment.
84th Tennessee roster
84th Tennessee photos
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